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Gochugaru (Korean Chili Powder)

What is Korean chili powder (Gochugaru)? Let’s learn!

Gochugaru (Korean chili powder)

What is Gochugaru (Korean Chili Powder)?

Gochugaru (고추가루) has a few different English names under its belt. Korean chili powder, Korean chili flakes, Hot pepper flakes, red pepper flakes etc.

Gochugaru is one of the most important Korean cooking ingredients. It is used in Gochujang (Korean chili paste), Kimchi, spicy Korean soups and stews (e.g. Sundubu Jjaigae) and spicy Korean side dishes (e.g. Korean spicy cucumber salad).

Korean chili powder tastes different (e.g. often not as spicy) to other chili powder varieties (e.g. Thai chili) available on the market, so it is best not to substitute with these kinds. Please also note that some Korean chili powder is spicier than others.

How Gochugaru (Korean Chili Powder) is made

Many Korean households make their own chili powder. They try to source good quality dried Korean red chilies at a farmer’s market and once they bring them home they do the following.

  1. Cut the stem off the red chilies with a pair of scissors and open one side of the chili and shake off the seeds. (According to my mum, it is best to leave some seeds on still as it makes more tasty chili powder.) It is also possible to buy dried red chilies that are already trimmed and cleaned. If so, move onto the next step.
  2. Wipe the chilies with a dry cloth thoroughly and take it to their local rice mill (Bangatgan, 방앗간) and ask them to be ground according to their preferred particle size.

Types of Gochugaru (Korean Chili Powder)

There are mainly two different kinds of Korean chili powder and they are used for different cooking needs.

  • Coarse chili powder (This is more versatile in its use.) -> Kimchi, Korean side dishes and soups & stews

How to store Gochugaru (Korean chili powder)

Once you open the package, it needs to be kept in a cool shaded place. It can get mouldy if you don’t store it well. I keep mine in an air tight container and in the fridge. When the chili powder becomes hardened, you can use a food processor to separate it again. Just a few seconds of pulse will fix it.

Update: This article was originally written on December 15, 2006.

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Written by: Sue

Last Updated: May 13, 2019
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Welcome to my Korean kitchen! I’m so happy that you're here. I am Sue, the creator behind My Korean Kitchen (since 2006). I love good food and simplifying recipes. Here you will find my best and family approved recipes. Thanks for stopping by!

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31 thoughts on “Gochugaru (Korean Chili Powder)”

    • No. If you can’t find gochugaru, a regular chili flakes (maybe mix with some spicy chili powder) might be a better substitute. This is not to say that the result will be the same or just as good as using gochugaru.

    • Do you live near a Korean grocer? That’s the place to go. If you’re looking for an online solution, try Amazon or eBay too. Good luck!

  1. Hi, I have Korean Hot chili Flakes in my fridge, forgot about it and I checked that it has passed it’s expiration date, but they don’t look moldy, or black. They are still reddish and apicy when use.

  2. hi I am a fan of kimchi but live in Iceland. I am trying to get some korean chiliflakes to make kimchi but amazon does not send it for some readons to Iceland. I am a regular costumer at Amazon but when it comes to kimchi they don’t allow me to purchase it for some reason please can you advise me how and where I can get it. sincerely Margret

    • Search in They send it start from Korea. Don’t get the ones made in China there not sun dried not too sure about that (some might be) but it’s best to get them: Made in Korea. Then they’ll most liked be sun dried.

    • Possibly. Where / how did you store it? As I mentioned in the post, if you don’t store well, it can get mouldy.
      To be safe, if it has passed the expiry date, I would discard it.

  3. Hi Sue,

    I bought the wrong type of Korean Chilli for my kimchi. Despite the packaging and wording is exactly the same, it is difference in terms of chilli powder vs. chilli flakes. Can I use the chilli powder instead of using chilli flakes? If the measurement calls for 1 cup of chilli flakes should it also be 1 cup of chilli powder?


    • As long as it’s coarse chilli powder/flakes, you can use it for Kimchi. I wouldn’t caught up with the wording as different manufacturers use different wording. Fine chilli powder is for gochujang (most of the time) and it tends to be spicier.

      • Hi Sue,
        I tried Kimchi first time and I found it very hot spiced, burned my tongue. I rinsed it with water and it was OK. What should I look for next time to buy a milder version?

        • Unfortunately, Gochugaru sold at a typical Korean grocer doesn’t specify whether it’s mild or spicy etc. (It’s possible to buy less spicy pre-ground chilies at a traditional market in Korea though.) Perhaps you can use less Gochugaru than what the recipe calls for.

        • Don’t ever use Water with spicy food! Capsaicin is an Oil, and Oil and Water doesn’t bind, it is non-polar to polar, Water throws it around more, making it worse!

          • Oil, butter, sourcream, or cream cheese will help remove capsaicin from the tongue. Polar solvent for polar irritant. I always serve sesame oil and rice along with food made with spicy peppers like gochugaru and gochujang.

        • I’ve come across other people making kimchi with it. I personally wouldn’t know how it will turn out without testing it myself.

    • I couldn’t get korean pepper powder so used 1/2 chilli flkes and 1/2 hot paprika. The paprika gave the slightly smoky/sweet flavour. You could adjust the amount of chilli flakes to taste,

      • I use HOT, not SMOKEY paprika when I can’t find Korean pepper powder or paste. Hot paprika (finely ground Hungarian hot pepper)makes a very useful substitute for finely ground Korean pepper.

  4. Hi Karlsfoodie
    I’m not sure whether Korean chili species are the same as Chinese’s
    Anyway, for chili powder (Gochutgaru) that Koreans use, sun-dried chilies are known as high quality chilies.

  5. That looks very spicy. Have you ever tried making it yourself? Thanks for showing the photo of the bottle, makes it easier to look for it in the store 🙂


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